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Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System (SIOS)

The overall goal of Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System (SIOS) is to establish an Arctic Earth Observing System in and around Svalbard that integrates the studies of geophysical, chemical and biological processes from all research and monitoring platforms.

SIOS is now underway, as part of the roadmap for the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI). With EUR 4 million secured from EU for the preparatory phase, and additional funding from the Norwegian Research Council, the project was launched with a kick-off conference in Oslo last month.

The preparatory phase will run from October 1, 2010 till October 1, 2013.

Why Svalbard?
The High Arctic is generally considered an early warning region for climate change. It’s widely accepted that global warming will appear here first and most rapidly due to positive feedback processes. At the same time, teleconnections exist between lower and higher latitudes which connect the Arctic to the global system. Thus, developments in the north have global impacts.

SIOS is designed to be a major building block of a Sustained Arctic Observing System (SAON), building on the recommendations put forward by AON (NAP, 2006: Towards an Integrated Arctic Observing Network (AON).

SIOS in this context is an opportunity for Europe to establish a central node that will pave the road for a future circum-Arctic monitoring network.

SIOS has been proposed because the environmental and climate-related challenges of our time require an Earth System approach, and because observation systems have not been developed with the same systematic approach as Earth System modelling. It is also a motivation for SIOS to secure the legacy of the International Polar Year (IPY) and further develop the data series of the High Arctic that have been established in recent years.

Svalbard has over the years attracted research organizations from all over the world and the archipelago hosts today extensive research infrastructure. This infrastructure forms the basis for the observation platform that SIOS aims to be.

The University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS). Photo: Steve Coulson/UNIS
The Svalbard Science Centre. (Photo: Steve Coulson/UNIS).

Preparatory phase 2010-2013
In the preparatory phase, a survey of all relevant infrastructure on Svalbard will be done, and identification of what is lacking in order to establish observation systems observation systems for marine, ice, atmospheric and terrestrial conditions. The need for systematic work on how to combine data from observation systems to modeling systems is a crucial point of SIOS in the future.

Part of the project is to provide a basis for establishing a joint knowledge centre in Longyearbyen. UNIS will be in charge of the integration of this work along with all the other partners of SIOS. However, Alfred Wegner Institute (AWI), University of Groningen (RUG) and The Research Council of Norway (RCN) and Svalbard Science forum (SFF) have specific tasks in the work and will work more closely with UNIS than the others in this respect.

To keep the knowledge centre as a frontrunner in terms of arctic data – for an international research and policy making market – it is important that space and time integrating facilities are being prepared for the Earth System Modelling.

 

 

SIOS –institutions

Full partner

Research Council of Norway

NO

Norwegian Polar Institute

NO

University Centre in Svalbard

NO

Alfred Wegener Institute

DE

Institute of Geophysics - Polish Academy of Sciences

PL

National Research Council of Italy

IT

Natural Environment Research Council

UK

Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of Roshydromet

RU

Norwegian Space Centre

NO

Aarhus University - National Environmental Research Institute

DK

Finnish Meteorological Institute

FI

University of Groningen

NL

Polar Research Institute of China

CN

French Polar Research Institute

FR

Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute - Korea Polar Research Institute

KR

Polar Geophysical Institute - Russian Academy of Sciences

RU

Institute of Oceanology - Polish Academy of Sciences

PL

Stockholm University

SE

University of Bergen

NO

University of Tromsø

NO

Norwegian Meteorological Institute

NO

Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center

NO

Institute of Marine Research

NO

Norwegian Institute for Air Research

NO

Andøya Rocket Range

NO

Research Organization of Information and Systems - National Institute for Polar Research

JP

 

Associated partners

National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, India

IN

Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation

ES

Institute of Botany - Czech Academy of Sciences

CZ

Scottish Association for Marine Science

UK

University of Leicester

UK

EISCAT Scientific Association

SE

Kola Science Centre - Russian Academy of Sciences

RU

Geophysical Survey - Russian Academy of Sciences

RU

Arctic Centre - University of Lappland

FI

National Science Foundation

US

Norwegian Institute of Water Research

NO

University of Oslo

NO

Kings Bay AS

NO

NORSAR

NO

Akvaplan-niva AS

NO

Norwegian Institute of Nature Research

NO

Norwegian University of Science and Technology

NO

Kongsberg Satellite Services AS

NO

Northern Research Institute Tromsoe AS

NO

Norwegian Directorate of Energy and Water Resources

NO

Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research

NO

The Governour of Svalbard

NO

 

 

Contact person: Senior advisor Ragnhild Rønneberg

 

Relevant documents (Pdf)

WP8 - Internal integration strategy  

 

 

  Full SIOS proposal  

  Appendix 1: Research infrastructure in Svalbard  
  Appendix 2: Endorsed IPY projects in or around Svalbard  
  Appendix 3: Marine observatories and ecosystem time series  
  Appendix 4: Space research  
  Appendix 5: Validation programs  
  Appendix 6: Knowledge centre  
  Appendix 7: Research and monitoring organizations  

 


SIOS in the media

  Mer forskningssamarbeid i isen (Aftenposten 15.03.2011 - PDF)  
  Kickoff for Arctic Earth Observing System (RCN web 10.11.2010)  
SIOS - Preparatory phase project about to start (RCN SIOS homepage 24.09.2010)  
  SIOS accepted for the ESFRI updated Roadmap (UNIS news 09.12.2008)  




More information

  SIOS homepage (Research Council of Norway)  

 

 

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